Tag Archives: Topsoil Moisture

For the first full week of July corn and soybean ratings started to drop slightly across the nation.Corn silking is the first crop condition area we see that is actually behind the five year average. Winter wheat harvest is rolling along ahead of schedule in most states.  Top soil and subsoil moisture continue to be dry and dropping across the country.

NASS estimated that 71% of the corn crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 5, down 2 percentage points from 73% the previous week but still well above 57% at the same time a year ago.

For corn Iowa and Minnesota set at the top of the pile with 85% good-to-excellent condition ratings. Pennsylvania stays a close second at 82% and Nebraska it towards the top at 74% good to excellent.  On the opposite end of the scale Michigan and Colorado have the highest percentage of corn rated very poor to poor, at 14% and 16%, respectively.

Up to this point in the growing year much of the crop progress has been well ahead of the five year average. Corn silking however continues to to run behind the five year average. NASS estimated that 10% of corn was silking, 6 percentage points behind the five-year average of 16%.

Soybean development, on the other hand, was near to slightly ahead of normal last week. Soybeans blooming was estimated at 31%, 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 24%, while soybeans setting pods was estimated at 2%, near the five-year average of 4%.

Looking at the state by state break down Iowa is now 37% in bloom, Minnesota 43% and Nebraska 41%. All these ratings are well ahead of their respective 5 year average.

The national soybean condition rating came in the same as the corn crop: 71% good to excellent nationwide. That was unchanged from the previous week and still well ahead of 53% at the same time last year. Iowa was 84% good to excellent, along with Minnesota 83% , Wisconsin 79% and Nebraska 76% .

Meanwhile, winter wheat harvest moved ahead 15 percentage points last week to reach 56% complete as of Sunday, 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 55%.

Harvest in Kansas in 80% complete, Illinois is 81% and Missouri is at 84% finished,. Nebraska winter wheat is 16% harvested, and South Dakota has not started yet.

Winter wheat condition — for the portion of the crop still in fields — was rated 51% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from 52% from the previous week. Sixty-one percent of North Dakota’s winter wheat crop was rated good-to-excellent.

View the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/c247fd92b/1g05g1123/prog2820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

Following hot and dry conditions mixed rain showers were welcomed by farmers across the Midwest this past weekend. That helped to bring around the corn and soybean conditions from the previous week. Winter wheat harvest was able to keep pace with the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture was also able to increase in several states that were starting to become pretty dry.

Corn planting and emergence is considered complete across the country. That means that corn is now in or nearly in the silking stage. According to NASS 2% of the national corn crop is silking. That is on pace with the five year average. Kansas has 3% silking. Which is about 3% from the five year average. Nebraska has yet to see any corn enter the silking stage. Texas has the most corn silking at 55%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average.

As for the national corn condition it improved 1% week to week to 72% good to excellent. Nebraska corn improved 3% to 74% good to excellent. Kansas corn remained unchanged to 54% good to excellent. Pennsylvania continues to have one of the best corn crops at 88% good to excellent.

Soybeans have yet to complete the planting or emergence stage. That means they are still reported by NASS. Soybean planting is considered 96% complete up 3% from last week. Just 4 states have yet to hit the 90% and above planting completion. Kansas has 95% of the soybeans planted. That is 8% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska completed soybean planting last week.

Soybean emergence is 4% ahead of the five year average nationally at 89%. Iowa and Nebraska are both considered 96% emerged. That is 5-6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 15% ahead of the five year average at 86% emerged.

5% of the soybean crop nationally is considered to have entered the blooming stage. That is on pace with the five year average. Nebraska has 16% of the soybean crop blooming, up 13% from the five year average. Kansas is right at the five year average for 1%. Louisana has the most soybeans blooming at 55%.

Nationally soybeans are considered 70% good to excellent. That is down 2% from the previous week. Iowa has one of the strongest soybean crops at 84% good to excellent, up 2% from the previous week. Kansas improved 4% to 68% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans dropped 1% to 77% good to excellent.

Winter wheat is almost completely headed at 96% nationally. That is just 1% behind the five year average. Kansas is now officially 100% headed out.  That is even with the five year average. Nebraska saw 11% of the winter wheat crop head out since last week to 96%. That is still 2% from the five year average. Montana and Michigan are the only 2 states that have not reached 90% or better headed out for winter wheat.

Winter wheat harvest continues across the country now considered 29% complete, up 14% from the previous week and 16% from a year ago. It is also 3% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has yet to start winter wheat harvest. Kansas has harvested 25% of the winter wheat crop. That is up 16% from last week and 1% ahead of the five year average.

Nationally the winter wheat crop continues on a roller coaster of condition. Nationally the crop improved 2% to 52% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat dropped 1% to 44% good to excellent. Nebraska increased 19%, after dropping 23% last week, to 62% good to excellent. Colorado winter wheat dropped 2% to 29% good to excellent. 37% of the crop is considered poor to very poor.

Spring wheat decreased in condition week to week at 75% good to excellent. That is down from 81% good to excellent.

Pasture and range land also benefited from the weekend rains. Nebraska pasture improved 5% to 71% good to excellent. Kansas improved 1% to 50% good to excellent. Colorado pasture is still dry with 0% in the excellent category and 26% in the good category. Colorado has the third highest very poor to poor rating at 48%. California (55% p-vp) and New Mexico (59% p-vp) are number one and two.

Topsoil moisture was able to recharge in Kansas up 14% to 61% adequate to surplus. Nebraska remained unchanged to 62% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture was also able to improve in Kansas up 4% to 63% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture improved 1% to 75% adequate to surplus.

Find the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/w9505n13w/8910kf14z/prog2620.pdf  

Clay Patton has the full report information as a podcast