Tag Archives: wheat

Storms ripped through western Kansas from Wallace County to Ness County in a swath ten to 15 miles wide on May 14. Wind gusts up to 80 miles per hour and hail from pea-sized to baseball-sized broke out windows, dented cars and tore siding off of houses.
Listen to Lucas Haag K-State North West Area Agronomist talk about the aftermath of the storm: http://post.futurimedia.com/krvnam/playlist/aftermath-of-the-storm-on-the-wheat-crop-4191.html
Wheat fields in the area weren’t spared either. Fields that were already suffering from drought stress were completely destroyed by the “great white combine.”
In Scott County, Glenda and Rich Randall estimate that they lost about 300 acres of wheat near their home. Within ten minutes, marble sized hail paired with 70 mile per hour winds tore through their irrigated wheat field. The wheat was just beginning to head out, but after the storm, it appeared as though it had been mowed off by a dull blade. Glenda said, “You looked outside, and it just looked like winter.” Rich estimated that field, which was planted late after corn, would have made 40 bushels per acre, but now was a total loss. A field to the west also suffered severe damage, but Rich estimated it was only a 50% loss. On the upside, the Randalls did have multi-peril and hail insurance, as hail is common in their area.
Hail damaged field at Rich and Glenda Randall’s near Scott City, Kansas
A few miles to the east, the Ramseys surveyed their fields near Manning, Kan. Marc, who returned to farm with his dad, Craig, in 2011 said this was the worst he’s seen. From the road, the fields still looked somewhat lush, but upon closer inspection, heads were bent over and stalks were broken in half. The smell of freshly cut grass was in the air. Divots in the ground showed how much force the hail had. The fertilizer tanks on the top of their corn planter had holes in the top. Although they have federal crop insurance, they do not have additional hail insurance. Marc said he couldn’t even hear the wind and rain over the sound of the hail. Estimates from the area included baseball-sized hail up to one report of cantaloupe-sized. Neighbors in the area estimated that up to two-thirds of their crop was destroyed.
Craig Ramsey and Marc Ramsey had hail damage in their fields near Manning, Kansas
To the west, David and Lisa Schemm farm near Sharon Springs, Kan., in Wallace County. The storm directly hit their house and fields near the house, which appear to be a total loss. The pre-hail yield estimate for the 325 acre field near their house was 42 bushels per acre.
“The hail storm went from Weskan and went southeast, pretty much in a line,” said Lisa. “It was very wide, so we’re estimating a little over half of our wheat was destroyed. It was 70-plus mile an hour winds. I would say it probably would have been golf ball, up to just shy of a baseball-sized hail, and the winds were vicious.”
The west sides of houses in the area were hit the hardest, with windows busted and siding destroyed. The Schemms only have two west-side windows, so they didn’t have as much personal loss as some of their neighbors, but, on the positive side, Lisa says she’s been wanting new siding on the house for a while.
“It wiped everybody’s west side windows and siding out. Windshields were knocked out of vehicles, and of course, wheat fields,” she said.
Hail damage near David and Lisa Schemm’s house, south of Sharon Springs, Kansas
This devastation follows a hard year, where Kansas wheat has suffered from drought. Many areas of the state have received less than an inch, up to only a couple inches of moisture since early October. Abandonment of acres has been more common than average, and only 7.8 million acres were planted last fall, which is the third lowest planted acres since 1913, up only slightly since last year.
To view photos and watch a video of damage, visit www.kswheat.com/hail.

WASHINGTON (DTN) — One of the first looks at the 2018-19 crop production projects the U.S. corn crop at 14.04 billion bushels with an average yield of 174 bushels per acre.

The May World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) offers the first forecasts for crop production and ending stocks for the 2018-19 marketing year.

Soybean production is projected at 4.28 billion bushels with an average yield of 48.5 bushels an acre.

Crop Production: https://www.nass.usda.gov/…

World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE): http://www.usda.gov/…

CORN

Production for 2018-19 is pegged at 14.04 billion bushels with ending stocks forecast at 1.682 billion bushels, down 500 million bushels from the 2017-18 crop.

Old-crop ending stocks for corn are unchanged from the April forecast at 2.18 billion bushels.

Brazil’s corn crop was pegged at 87 million metric tons, down 5 mmt from April’s projection.

SOYBEANS

USDA projects the 2018-19 soybean crop at 4.28 billion bushels, down 112 million bushels from the 2017-18 crop year. Soybean new-crop ending stocks are pegged at 415 million bushels.

Old-crop ending stocks are projected at 530 million bushels, down 20 million bushels from last month’s projection.

USDA bumped up Brazil’s soybean production to 117 million metric tons, up 2 mmt from the April report. Argentina’s production was dropped again to 39 mmt, down 1 mmt from April.

WHEAT

All winter wheat is projected at 1.19 billion bushels, down 6% from a year ago. The winter wheat yield is projected at 48.1 bushels per acre, down 2.1 bushels from last year.

Hard red winter wheat is projected at 647 million bushels, slightly above the pre-report average estimate. Hard red winter wheat production is forecast to be down 14% from last year’s crop. Soft red winter wheat is projected at 315 million bushels, up 8% from a year ago. White winter wheat is projected at 229 million bushels.

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Editor’s Note: Join DTN Analyst Todd Hultman at 12 p.m. CDT Thursday as he looks at USDA’s “initial” estimates for the 2018-2019 crops as well as changes to old-crop supply and demand tables. To register, visit https://dtn.webex.com/….

May Average High Low April 2016-17
Corn 2,182 2,178 2,208 2,132 2,182 2,293
Soybeans 530 541 565 490 550 302
Grain Sorghum 29 30 32 28 29 33
Wheat 1,070 1,067 1,090 941 1,064 1,181
2018-19 U.S. ENDING STOCKS (Million Bushels)
May Average High Low Outlook
Corn 1,682 1,631 1,907 1,467 2,272
Soybeans 415 549 715 336 460
Wheat 955 923 1,005 780 931
2018-19 U.S. PRODUCTION (Million Bushels)
May Average High Low Outlook 2017
Corn 14,040 14,091 14,604 13,921 14,390 14,604
Soybeans 4,280 4,311 4,430 4,248 4,320 4,392
2018-19 WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION (Billion Bushels)
May Average High Low Outlook 2017-18
All Wheat 1,821 1,757 1,832 1,612 1,839 1,741
All Winter Wheat 1,192 1,180 1,304 1,062 NA 1,269
HRW 647 644 797 540 NA 750
SRW 315 306 330 218 NA 292
White 229 230 260 201 NA 227
2017-18 WORLD ENDING STOCKS (million metric tons)
May Avg. High Low April 2016-17
Corn 194.85 195.20 198.00 192.20 197.78 230.90
Soybeans 92.16 90.00 91.00 88.50 90.80 96.72
Wheat 270.46 271.30 273.40 268.50 271.22 254.60
2018-19 WORLD ENDING STOCKS (million metric tons)
May Avg. High Low
Corn 159.15 182.00 192.50 148.70
Soybeans 86.70 91.10 97.00 75.50
Wheat 264.33 267.70 278.70 260.00
WORLD PRODUCTION (Million Metric Tons) 2017-2018
May Avg. High Low April 2016-17
Corn
Brazil corn 87.0 88.2 91.0 83.9 92.0 98.5
Argentina corn 33.0 32.1 33.0 31.0 33.0 41.0
Soybeans
Brazil soybeans 117.0 116.6 119.0 115.0 115.0 114.1
Argentina soybeans 39.0 38.6 40.0 37.0 40.0 57.8
2017-18 2016-17
Wheat May Apr May Apr
European Union 151.58 151.60 145.37 145.25
FSU – 12 142.20 142.77 130.09 130.47

OMAHA (DTN) — Corn planting progress jumped 12 percentage points again last week and narrowed the gap between this year’s progress and the five-year average pace, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

 

Listen to the report here: http://post.futurimedia.com/krvnam/playlist/futures-one-usda-crop-progress-report-5-7-4108.html

NASS estimated that 39% of corn was planted as of Sunday, May 6, up from 17% the previous week. Last week’s planting progress lagged the five-year average pace by only 5 percentage points compared to the previous week when planting lagged 10 percentage points behind average. Compared to five-year average paces, Minnesota was the most delayed at 9% versus a five-year average of 44% corn planted for this time of year, noted DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

Corn emergence, at 8% on Sunday, was running 6 percentage points behind last year’s 14% and the five-year average pace of 14%.

Meanwhile, soybean planting moved ahead of the average pace. Fifteen percent of the crop was planted as of Sunday, according to NASS, 2 percentage points ahead of the average of 13%.

Winter wheat was 33% headed, behind last year’s 49% and also behind the average of 41%. Winter wheat condition improved slightly last week to 34% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week’s rating of 33% good to excellent.

Winter wheat’s current condition rating is the lowest since 2014. The same is true for DTN’s winter wheat condition index at 51, Hultman said.

Spring wheat was 30% planted as of Sunday, well behind the average pace of 51%. Only 4% of the crop was emerged, also well behind the five-year average of 22%.

“Spring wheat planting is fine in the Pacific Northwest and made better progress in the Northern Plains last week,” Hultman said. “Montana is the furthest behind at 24% versus the five-year average of 54%.”

Cotton was 20% planted as of Sunday, compared to 12% last week, 20% last year and a 20% average. Rice was 68% planted, compared to 55% last week, 76% last year and 69% on average. Forty-four percent of the crop was emerged, compared to 29% last week, 64% last year and a 50% average.

Sorghum was 29% planted as of Sunday, compared to 26% last week, 30% last year and a 29% average.

Barley was 42% planted, behind the average pace 59%. Thirteen percent of the crop was emerged as of Sunday, compared to an average of 30%. Oats were 56% planted, compared to 39% last week, 77% last year and a 74% average. Thirty-four percent of oats were emerged, compared to 29% last week, 57% last year and a 54% average.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Planted 39 17 45 44
Corn Emerged 8 3 14 14
Soybeans Planted 15 5 13 13
Cotton Planted 20 12 20 20
Sorghum Planted 29 26 30 29
Spring Wheat Planted 30 10 51 51
Spring Wheat Emerged 4 NA 19 22
Winter Wheat Headed 33 19 49 41
Barley Planted 42 26 50 59
Barley Emerged 13 7 24 30
Oats Planted 56 39 77 74
Oats Emerged 34 29 57 54
Rice Planted 68 55 76 69
Rice Emerged 44 29 64 50

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 16 21 29 27 7 16 21 30 26 7 4 11 32 43 10

 

Find the full report at: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1048

OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — Oklahoma agriculture officials estimate that the state’s farmers will harvest about 36 percent less wheat this year than they did a year ago.

The Oklahoman reports that the Oklahoma Wheat Commission estimated Tuesday that farmers will harvest about 2.3 million acres (0.93 million hectares) of wheat this year, bringing in about 63 million bushels. Farmers harvested nearly 3 million acres (1 million hectares) of wheat last year, bringing in 98 million bushels of the crop.

Officials say the biggest reason for the drop is Oklahoma’s dry weather. Commission Executive Director Mike Schulte says the areas with lower numbers haven’t received any moisture.

Commission members also attribute part of the estimated drop to another reduction in the amount of wheat planted for this year’s crop. ((just put this under the weather reason since they’re saying the drought was the biggest factor))

Recent weather systems have brought rain to many areas of Kansas during the past two weeks. This is a welcome relief from drought conditions that have dominated most of the winter and spring. The wheat crop is at the flag emergence and boot stage of development in the southeast and south central regions of the state. Wheat in the central and western regions of Kansas is moving through the jointing stages of growth.

The dry conditions appear to be suppressing disease in much of the southern Great Plains with Texas and Oklahoma reporting lower-than-normal stripe rust and leaf rust activity. That began to change this week when Dr. Bob Hunger, wheat pathologist from Oklahoma State University, reported active stripe rust and leaf rust in parts of southern and central Oklahoma. This is potentially important because it sets the stage for disease to spread into Kansas and other key wheat producing states to the north.

 

Scouting reports from Kansas indicate that the disease levels remain low in most areas.  The weather has been favorable for stripe rust in the southeast portion of the state and the disease reported in Montgomery County has moved into upper leaves in some fields (Figures 1 and 2). There are currently no reports of stripe rust or other disease problems developing in other parts of Kansas.

Figure 1. Duration of weather conditions favorable for the development of stripe rust in wheat for past 14 days. Some areas in southeast Kansas have experienced favorable conditions. Data from the Kansas Mesonet (http://mesonet.ksu.edu).

 

Figure 2. Observations of disease status in the Kansas wheat crop. Map created by Erick DeWolf, K-State Research and Extension.

Josh Coltrain, K-State Extension Agent in the Wildcat Extension District, reports that many growers are considering a fungicide to suppress stripe rust in the southeast region. Most fungicides can be applied to wheat through the heading stages of growth (Feekes 10.5). Once wheat begins to flower, the production options are reduced because of label restrictions.  More information about fungicide options can be found online at the KSRE bookstore at: https://www.bookstore.ksre.k-state.edu/pubs/EP130.pdf

 

The weekend of April 14-16 brought, once again, cold temperatures that have potential to cause freeze injury to the 2018 wheat crop. Factors that influence the potential for freeze injury to wheat at any point in time include primarily:

  • Growth stage of the crop
  • Air temperatures
  • Duration of cold temperatures
  • Soil temperatures
  • Snow cover

Other factors, such as position on the landscape (low lying areas are at higher risk) and presence of residue covering the soil surface, might also impact the extent of freeze damage within a field. The challenge is to integrate all these factors into a reasonable estimate of freeze injury.

Based on simple wheat development models and observations from K-State Extension personnel, the wheat growth stage around Kansas ranges from tillering to Feekes 5 in the northwest part of the state, to flag leaf emergence in the southeast with a few reports of early-sown fields approaching boot in the southeast region (Figure 1). Most of the crop in south central Kansas is at the first or second node, and the crop is less developed as we move north and west in the state. For fields that have not jointed yet, the crop generally withstands temperatures lower than 20 degrees F fairly well, especially if the growing point is still below ground. This is the condition for most of northwest and northern Kansas. If the growing point is already above ground (first joint visible), wheat can sustain temperatures down to about 24 degrees F for a few hours. Temperatures below 24 degrees F for extended periods of time increase the risk of crop injury. Information from the K-State Mesonet indicates that air temperatures dipped below this 24-degree F threshold for at least a few hours in most areas of the state. Many areas of the state experienced more than five hours with air temperatures below 24 degrees F, which could cause damage to fields at the first node of development or more advanced stages. More advanced fields, such as second node to flag leaf emergence (many fields in southeast Kansas), are more sensitive to freeze injury and temperatures near 25 degree F can cause damage. Temperatures below this threshold were measured in southeast Kansas where the crop is most advanced.

Figure 1. Estimated wheat growth stage as of April 16, 2018, for the state of Kansas. Growth stage is estimated for each county based on temperatures accumulated in the season and adjusted by observations of crop stage by K-State personnel. Local growth stage may vary with planting date and variety. Map created by Erick DeWolf, K-State Research and Extension.

While soil temperatures can help buffer freezing air temperatures if the growing point is below ground or near the soil surface. The buffering capacity of warm soils decreases as the crop develops and the growing point moves further from the soil surface. Thus, we can expect positive effect of the soil temperatures in northern and northwest Kansas where soil temperatures were sustained above 34 degrees during the entire weekend and the crop is still at tillering through Feekes 5 stages of development. Soil temperatures can be viewed via the Kansas Mesonet here: http://mesonet.ksu.edu/agriculture/soiltemp. However, the more advanced crop in south central and southeast Kansas likely did not benefit as much from the buffering influence of warm soil temperatures. There was also minimal snow cover across the state to help insulate plants against the cold air temperatures.

Based on these factors, we estimate that the north and northwest portions of Kansas are at a low risk of freeze injury from the cold temperatures on April 14-16 (Figure 2). The risk of freeze injury increases as we move down a northwest – southeast transect. The greatest risk of freeze damage appears to be in the south central and southeast portions of the state where the crop is most advanced and temperatures were below the threshold for freeze damage.

 

Figure 2. Estimated risk of freeze damage due to a combination of wheat growth stage sensitivity, lowest temperatures during April 14-16, 2018, number of hours below 24 degrees F during the same period, cumulative snowfall during the period, and soil temperatures at the 2-inch depth. Map created by Erick DeWolf, K-State Research and Extension.

Symptoms of freeze injury on foliage should occur over the next few days across the entire state. In most cases, however, this injury should not result in any long-term damage to the crop, especially if there is available moisture to help the crop recover the lost foliage. Freeze injury symptoms to the developing wheat head, such as a mushy, discolored/brown head, take slightly longer to be develop (10-14 days). Thus, growers with fields at advanced growth stages should check for potential injury to the developing head within this timeframe.

For detailed information on evaluating wheat for freeze damage, see the eUpdate article from Issue 683 on April 4, 2018, “Diagnosing freeze damage to wheat”.