OMAHA (DTN) — Corn and soybean harvest progress continued to lag an average pace as of Oct. 1, according to USDA’s latest Crop Progress report released Monday, but the gap is narrowing. Corn harvest is 3 percentage points behind the five-year average and soybean harvest is 1 percentage points behind. Last week those numbers were 4 and 3, respectively.
The nation’s corn crop is 86% mature and 24% harvested, compared to 73% and 15% last week, 82% and 24% last year, and the averages of 79% and 27%. Corn condition worsened slightly to 73% good to excellent, compared to 74% last week.
“Regarding harvest, the key state of Iowa continues to show the largest lag of 9 percentage points while Illinois is 5 percentage points ahead of its average,” noted DTN Senior Analyst Darin Newsom. “The bottom line is these numbers should be considered neutral for corn,” Newsom said.
Eighty-three percent of the nation’s soybeans were dropping leaves and 26% was harvested, compared to 68% and 10% last week, 82% and 36% last year and averages of 79% and 27%. “All the top five growing states except Nebraska continue to lag harvest average, with Illinois the largest at 7 percentage points,” said Newsom. Soybean condition improved slightly to 74% good to excellent compared to 73% last week.
“These numbers should be considered neutral for soybeans,” said Newsom.
Winter wheat planting is 43% complete, compared to 30% last week, 44% last year and a 45% average. Winter wheat is 20% emerged, compared to 8% last week, 16% last year and a 17% average.
“This number should be considered neutral for winter wheat,” said Newsom.
Seventy-one percent of cotton had bolls opening, compared to 63% last week, 75% last year and a 74% average. Cotton harvested was reported at 16%, compared to 10% last week, 15% last year and a 14% average. Cotton condition improved slightly to 49% good to excellent compared to 48% last week.
Eighty-two percent of the rice crop was harvested, compared to 73% last week, 75% last year and a 69% average.
Sorghum was 96% coloring, compared to 94% last week, 98% last year and a 92% average. Sorghum harvest was 41% complete, compared to 34% last week, 41% last year and a 36% average. Sorghum condition held steady at 66% good to excellent.
|National Crop Progress Summary|
|Soybeans Dropping Leaves||83||68||82||79|
|Winter Wheat Planted||43||30||44||45|
|Winter Wheat Emerged||20||8||16||17|
|Cotton Bolls Opening||71||63||75||74|
|National Crop Condition Summary|
|(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)|
|This Week||Last Week||Last Year|
Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 56 good, and 17 excellent. Corn mature was 85 percent, ahead of 77 both last year and the five-year average.
Harvested was 15 percent, near 14 last year, but behind 21 average.
Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 61 good, and 24 excellent. Sorghum mature was 89 percent, ahead of 72 last year, and well ahead of 66 average. Harvested was 23 percent, ahead of 5 last year and 8 average.
Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 60 good, and 18 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 89 percent, near 86 last year and 85 average. Harvested was 27 percent, near 26 last year, and equal to average.
Winter wheat planted was 85 percent, ahead of 80 last year and 77 average. Emerged was 60 percent, ahead of 41 both last year and average.
Alfalfa fourth cutting was 79 percent, behind 92 last year and 85 average.
Dry edible beans harvested was 73 percent, near 77 last year and 74 average.
Proso millet harvested was 68 percent, well behind 91 last year, and behind 79 average.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 8 excellent.
Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 88 adequate, and 1 surplus.